Apples are obtained from a medium sized tree belonging to the rosaceae family. Apples scientific name is Malus domestica. The apple tree is originated in the mineral rich mountain ranges of Kazakhstan, and is now being cultivated in many parts of the world.
Apples are rich in antioxidant phyto-nutrients flavonoids and polyphenols. The total measured anti-oxidant strength (ORAC value) of 100 g apple fruit is 5900 TE. One important flavonoid in Apples is Epicatechin. - Nutrition & You
Epicatechin lowers the risk of hypertension, insulin resistance and cardiovascular disease by increasing nitric oxide activity within the body. Nitric oxide acts to dilate blood vessels, hinder the formation of blood clots and prevent the accumulation of white blood cells on the inner lining of blood vessels. These processes improve blood flow and reduce blood vessel injury. - Livestrong